Uganda, an East African country of some 33 million people, was granted its independence by the United Kingdom in 1962.

country uganda

Quick Facts

Number of AIDS Orphans: 660,000 (2015)
United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS Adult Prevalence Rate: 7.07% (2015)
World Health Organization

People living with HIV/AIDS: 1.46 million (2015)
World Health Organization

HIV/AIDS Deaths: 28,200 (20015)
World Health Organization

Unemployment Rate: 9.4% (2013)
Uganda Bureau of Statistics

Children under 5 years of age Underweight: 14.1% (20014)
World Health Organization

Under the dictatorial rule of Idi Amin Dada, from 1971-1979, an estimated 300,000 lost their lives. Another 100,000 were killed through guerilla warfare and human rights abuses under President Milton Obote's leadership (1980-1985). Since Yoweri Museveni became Uganda's president in 1986, he has introduced democratic reforms and has been credited for substantially improving the country's human rights accord. Museveni has also instituted economic changes that have produced solid growth.

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  • Learn More about Uganda

    While Uganda has been an African success story in its fight against HIV/AIDS, there are currently an estimated 1.2 million people living with HIV, including 150,000 children.

    Free antiretroviral drugs have been available in the country since 2004.

    However, in 2009, for the first time in many years, the number of new infections (120,000) exceeded the number of people dying from HIV (64,000). HIV prevalence once again appears to be rising.

    It has been suggested that antiretroviral drugs has changed the perception that AIDS leads to death and is a treatable, manageable disease. This, in turn, has reduced the fear surrounding HIV and has led to an increase in risky behavior.

    1.2 million children have been orphaned by Uganda's AIDS pandemic.