Ethiopia
Ethiopia is unique among its African counterparts in that it has only briefly been colonized.

country ethiopia

Quick Facts

Number of AIDS Orphans: 898,400 (2013)
United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS Adult Prevalence Rate: 1.15% (2014)
CIA

People living with HIV/AIDS: 793,700 (2013)
United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS

HIV/AIDS Deaths: 23,400 (2014)
United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS

Unemployment Rate: 17.5% (2012)
CIA

Children under 5 years of age Underweight: 25.2% (2014)
CIA

 

Ethiopia is unique among its African counterparts in that it has only briefly been colonized. For the majority of its existence, this country has maintained its freedom, transitioning from a monarchy to a socialist state in the early 1990s. In 2012 Ethiopia peacefully transferred leadership from Prime Minister Meles Zenawi to Prime Minister Hailemariam Desalegn.

This country is one of the poorest countries in the world with a rapidly increasing population. Nearly 80% of Ethiopia's economy is in the agricultural sector. Coffee is its largest foreign exchange earner. 

Ethiopia's increasing population is having a large impact on its citizens. More than 40% of its population is under the age of 15 and the fertility rate is over 5 children per woman. Many Ethiopians are leaving the area or becoming refugees to escape the difficult conditions.

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  • Learn More about Ethiopia

    Ethiopia has had increasing population growth in the recent decade. Their country cannot keep up with the population, causing lack of land resources and increased vulnerability to food shortages (CIA). 

    • most children only go to school for eight years
    • 23,400 people died of HIV in 2014
    • Life expectancy at birth has fallen below 65 years
    • Only 49.1% of people over the age of 15 can read and write

    Nearly 40% of Ethiopia's population is under 15 years of age. Between 2015 and 2016 Ethiopia had the worst drought it had seen in over 30 years, leaving many insecure about their livlihoods and where they will find their next meal.